In June 2010 it was 70 years since Gestapo police prison was established in Terezín’s Small Fortress, thus becoming one of the dismal symbols of occupation of the Czech land by Nazi Germany. On this occasion, the History Department of the Terezín Memorial organized a scientific conference “Small Fortress and the Nazi persecution in the Czech lands”, which took place on 24 and 25 June 2010 in Terezín’s Magdeburg barracks. It was dedicated to history of the Gestapo prison in the broader context of repression in the years 1939-1945. Apart from the hosting institution, there were contributions from historians from scientific organizations (ÚSTR, VHÚ) and scientific and educational institutions (UJEP, University of Düsseldorf), as well as from specialists working for archives (SOA Litoměřice, ABS). The contributions will be published in the Terezín Letters anthology 38/2010.